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What is a Cataract?

mature_cataract_with-captionA cataract is a clouding of the natural lens in the eye. Over time, protein builds up on the lens causing cloudy vision. The most common type of cataract is age-related. Other conditions may increase your risk of developing cataracts.

This includes:

  • Systemic wide diseases (diabetes)
  • Side effects from medications (steroids)
  • Eye Trauma
  • Smoking Tobacco
  • Congenital defects
  • Alcohol use
  • Prolonged exposure to sunlight
  • Chronic eye disease

Signs and Symptoms

When a cataract begins to develop you may notice visual changes. Your vision may become cloudy, hazy, or blurry. Other symptoms include: glare, trouble night driving, starbursts or halos around headlights, faded colors, and trouble reading.


Cataract Surgery

Vision is only restored once the cataract is surgically removed. Cataract surgery involves removing the natural clouded lens in the eye and inserting a synthetic Intraocular Lens (IOL) in its place. Today, cataract surgery is done on a routine basis. It is considered outpatient surgery and minimally invasive. Patients are typically admitted and discharged within a few hours. The actual procedure usually takes less than 30 minutes to complete. Complications, if any, are rare and treatable.

IOL’s (intra-ocular lens)

There are many IOL choices available. You and your doctor will decide on which IOL best suites your life style.

Some options include:

  • Correcting distance, intermediate, and near vision with no or minimal use of glasses
  • Correcting distance vision and astigmatism, glasses for reading may still be needed
  • Correcting distance vision, glasses for reading may still be needed
  • Correcting near vision, glasses for distance may still be needed

In addition to IOL choices, we also offer bladeless cataract surgery, correction for astigmatism with assistance of a laser, and offering the option of no drops following cataract surgery
To determine if you are a candidate for cataract surgery, a full dilated eye exam will need to be performed. Please contact our office if you are having any cataract like symptoms.