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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease caused by damage or breakdown of the macula, the small part of the retina that is responsible for central vision. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over the age of 65. There are two forms of macular degeneration, exudative (“wet”) and atrophic (“dry”). Most cases are dry AMD, which results from thinning of the macula. Wet AMD is when abnormal vessel formation under the retina causes leaking fluid and blood. Occasionally dry AMD can turn into wet over time. Treatment options will depend on your diagnosis.
A blind spot in the center of your vision and decreased vision are the most common symptoms of macular degeneration.
While there is no cure for macular degeneration, there are a variety of therapies and treatments available to help stabilize the condition.
For dry AMD, a dietary supplement with vitamins C, E, beta carotene, zinc and lutein may lower some patients risk of disease progression. Vitamin supplements are not a cure for AMD, nor will they restore vision already lost from the disease. However, they may play a role in helping some people at high risk for advanced AMD to maintain their vision. We recommend the AREDs II formulation of Preservision for our patients.
For wet AMD, injections and/or laser treatments are available, depending on your individual diagnosis and response to therapies. Three major brands of injectable medications are Eylea, Lucentis and Avastin. Injections are given on a regular basis with varying frequencies and results. Our specialist, Dr. Met, will choose the best treatment plan for your specific visual needs.
Please plan on being here for approximately 1-2 hours
Dr. Met and a technician will be in the room for the entirety of your injection. During the procedure, a technician will recline you in the exam chair to ensure comfort and stability. Dr. Met will use a topical anesthetic to numb the surface of the eye, along with betadine to cleanse the eye. A lid speculum is put in place to prevent you from blinking. Dr. Met will discuss if any post-procedural drops are necessary.