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Diabetic retinopathy is a disease that affects diabetic people and eventually leads to blurry, distorted vision and blindness.
When people suffer with diabetes they may often have unstable glucose levels and they are prone to circulation problems in the retina. In the case that someone is diabetic they may experience a blood flow restriction to the vessels within the retina. When this restriction occurs, swelling and/or hemorrhaging may occur. Aside from the threat of blood, sometimes fluid can collect under the retina; this problem is known as macular edema.
Many diabetic patients can have diabetic retinopathy without knowing it. Usually, there is no pain and no outward sign. Over time, you may notice gradual blurring or some vision loss. Symptoms may come and go. If diabetic retinopathy is severe, you may have clouded vision or blindness. You should have regular eye exams to help your doctor detect changes in your eyes before your vision is damaged.
Your treatment depends on your condition; they may include frequent exams to monitor your condition, injections, laser treatment, surgery or other procedures. Treatment may help slow the progress of diabetic retinopathy and sometimes can restore lost vision.