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Eyelid Surgery

Labeled Eyelid Anatomy

Image credit: AAO

The eyelids contain a very thin piece of skin (thinnest skin on the human body) that covers and protects the eye. The eyelids feature a row of lashes further heightening the protection of the eye. Besides protection, the eyelids function to spread tears keeping the surface of the eye moist.

Common Disorders of the Eyelids

Stye (Hordeolum)

An infection of the eyelid caused by staphylococcus bacteria. Usually appearing as a red bump underneath or on the eyelid. A stye can cause painful, red, and swollen lids. Treatment includes warm compresses, lid hygiene, and sometimes surgical removal.


Obstruction of the oil glands that can be found on the upper or lower eyelid. These can be mistaken for a stye fairly easily due to the similar symptoms. A chalazion can be chronic and may need to be surgically drained in the clinic.


Irritation where the lashes meet the eyelid. Blepharitis can be very difficult to treat because of how often the irritation can recur. Symptoms include excessive tearing, blurred vision, redness, swollen lids, mattering, and more. Treatments include warm compresses, lid hygiene, drops, or ointments.

Inadequate Eyelashes

Can result in foreign objects and infections to be a common problem for patients. Treatments include Latisse® which helps to increase the fullness of the lashes to protect the eyes.


An inward turning of the eyelid and lashes toward the eye. Usually caused by the relaxation of the eye muscles and tissue due to aging. Most commonly affect the lower lid. Entropion can cause eye discomfort and tearing, also appearing red and producing mucus. If gone untreated it can lead to infection and scarring of the eye itself.

A temporary solution can be to tape the eyelid in the correct position and use lubricating drops to ensure the eye stays moist. A more permanent fix would be to have an entropion repair to surgically turn the eyelid back to its correct position.


An outward turning of the eyelid. Most commonly caused by aging but can also be the result of eyelid burns and skin diseases. Ectropion can cause similar types of discomfort as entropion.

Treatments include lubricating drops to keep the eye moist giving comfort for short periods of time. Ultimately surgery is the best option to tighten the lids and protect the health of the eyes and lids.


A loss of elasticity in the tissue of the upper or lower lids. The excess tissue hangs down over the eyelid and can obstruct vision. Surgical treatment is called a blepharoplasty which is the removal of excess skin and sometimes the fat and muscle from the upper eyelids. Performed by making incisions along the natural creases of the eyelid to hide any scarring.

Once post-operative bruising and swelling have diminished the blepharoplasty can restore a missing superior field of vision caused by the sagging lids.

Many conditions of the lids can be treated with topical ointments, warm or cool compresses, in-office procedures, and sometimes require surgery. Visit our office for a consultation and view our great products for lid hygiene.

Avenova® is a lid spray we offer to assist you in your daily lid and lash hygiene. Latisse® can also be purchased to help restore the fullness of the eyelashes.

Lids and Lashes Center