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What is a Cataract?



mature_cataract_with-captionA cataract is a clouding of the natural lens in the eye. Over time, protein builds up on the lens causing cloudy vision. The most common type of cataract is age-related. Other conditions may increase your risk of developing cataracts.

This includes:

  • Systemic wide diseases (diabetes)
  • Side effects from medications (steroids)
  • Eye Trauma
  • Smoking Tobacco
  • Congenital defects
  • Alcohol use
  • Prolonged exposure to sunlight
  • Chronic eye disease

Signs and Symptoms

When a cataract begins to develop you may notice visual changes. Your vision may become cloudy, hazy, or blurry. Other symptoms include: glare, trouble night driving, starbursts or halos around headlights, faded colors, and trouble reading.

cataract-symptom

Cataract Surgery

Vision is only restored once the cataract is surgically removed. Cataract surgery involves removing the natural clouded lens in the eye and inserting a synthetic Intraocular Lens (IOL) in its place. Today, cataract surgery is done on a routine basis. It is considered outpatient surgery and minimally invasive. Patients are typically admitted and discharged within a few hours. The actual procedure usually takes less than 30 minutes to complete. Complications, if any, are rare and treatable.

IOL’s (intra-ocular lens)

There are many IOL choices available. You and your doctor will decide on which IOL best suites your life style.

Some options include:

  • Correcting distance, intermediate, and near vision with no or minimal use of glasses
  • Correcting distance vision and astigmatism, glasses for reading may still be needed
  • Correcting distance vision, glasses for reading may still be needed
  • Correcting near vision, glasses for distance may still be needed

In addition to IOL choices, we also offer bladeless cataract surgery, correction for astigmatism with assistance of a laser, and offering the option of no drops following cataract surgery
To determine if you are a candidate for cataract surgery, a full dilated eye exam will need to be performed. Please contact our office if you are having any cataract like symptoms.

 

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