Blepharitis is a chronic irritation of the eyelids and lashes.
Microorganisms known as bacteria inhabit our skin naturally without causing irritation or harm. However, due to hormonal imbalances, genetics and environmental conditions, some individuals begin to react to these bacteria. This not only causes inflammation of the eyes and eyelids but also causes one's tears to become dysfunctional and poor lubricants of the eye.
Light skinned/blue eyed individuals are the most likely to develop blepharitis. Also people who have the skin condition Rosacea are at increased risk for blepharitis.
Blepharitis causes the eye and eyelids to become red, irritated, mattered, and itchy. The eyes feel scratchy and sometimes sting as if something had fallen into them. Also many people with blepharitis are allergic to topical drops and medications.
Unfortunately blepharitis is a chronic condition which can be controlled but cannot be prevented or “cured”.
The first line of blepharitis treatment is the use of topical antibiotic ointment at night. This ointment is washed out every morning with a clean wash cloth. You can also use a clean wash cloth to gently rub the eyes whenever they are itchy.